Active Directory

Active Directory Basics

Active Directory (AD) is a directory service for Windows network environments. AD provides authentication and authorization functions within a Windows domain environment. It's a hierarchical structure that allows for centralized management of an organization's resources

Resources in AD can be users, computers, groups, network devices, file shares, group policies, devices, and trusts. Any user in AD, regardless of their privileges, can be used to enumerate most objects within the AD environment.

Many features in AD are not secure by default and can be easily misconfigured. This weakness can be leveraged to move laterally and vertically within a network and gain unauthorized access.

Useful Resources

Learning Resources

Other Useful Resources & Cheatsheets

Active Directory Helper Tools

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